Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)

General Assembly of the United Nations, on 10 December 1948, announced the 30 rights and freedoms that belong to everyone, under Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The Universal Declaration promises to all the economic, social, political, cultural and civic rights that underpin a life free from want and fear.

Articles under Universal Declaration of Human Rights: 

–Articles 1 and 2 reaffirms human dignity, equality and brotherhood. 

–Articles 3-11 are the rights of the individual: the right to life, outlawing of slavery or torture, equality before the law, the right to a fair trial etc. 

–Articles 12-17 includes freedom of movement, the right to a nationality, the right to marry and found a family, as well as the right to own property. 

–Articles 18-21 are the spiritual and religious rights of individuals, such as freedom of thought and conscience (religion), the right to your own opinion, the right to peaceful assembly and association, and the right to vote and take part in government. 

–Articles 22-27 includes the right to work, the right to rest and leisure, the right to a decent standard of living, and the right to education. 

–Articles 28-30 remind us that rights come with obligations and that none of the rights mentioned in the UDHR can be used to violate the spirit of the United Nations.  

Indian constitution was greatly influenced by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948. Part III which stands for Fundamental Rights and Part IV for Directive Principles of State Policy bear a close resemblance to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  The preamble also provides for social, economic, political, justice, as enshrined in UDHR and Article 28, 29 of UHDR, resemble the Fundamental Duties. 

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