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UPPCS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics) 2018 Analysis

Hi friends,

2018 was the first year with the changed pattern in UPPCS.  General studies- IV (ethics) was an entirely new subject for the candidates. This post is aimed at helping you to understand the demand of general studies- IV (ethics) paper for UPPCS mains 2019.

First, let us take a look at the syllabus of the paper. There are 8 units in this paper.

Syllabus

  1. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
    dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the
    lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and
    educational institutions in inculcating values.
  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and
    political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship,
    objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  4. Emotional intelligence: concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  5. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  6. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as
    sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral
    values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  7. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
    Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of
    Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,
    challenges of corruption.
  8. Case Studies on above issues.

Analysis of 2018 Paper

Second, we are presenting the analysis of 2018 UPPCS Paper- IV. This will help you understand the type of questions asked and level of difficulty of these questions.

The paper was divided into 2 sections.

  • Section A: 9 Questions and 1 Case study. Each question/ case-study carried 8 marks.
  • Section B: 8 Questions and 2 Case studies. Each question/ case-study carried 12 marks.
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships; Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.1. What are the values ? Throw light over their central elements. (8)

2. Differentiate between ethics and morality and explain the determinants of ethical actions. (12)

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.1. Discuss the functions of the attitude. (8)

2. Differentiate between the following:
(a) Attitude and value.
(b) Attitude and opinion. (8)

3. Explain the importance of persuasive communication to change the attitudes of the masses. (12)

4. ‘Attitudes are the result of our experiences.” Explain and evaluate the factors responsible for attitude formation in the context of this statement. (12)

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service : Integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.1. “Public service is recognised on the basis of tolerance and compassion towards the weaker section of the society.” Explain the values of tolerance and compassion in this context. (8)

2. “Effective administration requires dedication towards Public Service.” Explain.(8)

3. Discuss and evaluate the relevance of the following In the context of the civil service :
(A) Integrity
(B) Impartiality
(C) Objectivity
(D) Non-partisanship. (12)

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.1. “In essence emotional intelligence is not a theoretical concept but a multidimensional social skill.’ Explain the concept and dimensions of emotional intelligence in the context of the statement. (12)
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.1. Examine the ethical and social ideas of Gandhi. (8)

2. “Kant’s ethics is formalist and rigorist.” Critically examine this view and evaluate the importance of Kantian ethical principles in moral life. (12)

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. 1. Define the ethical concerns in Government and Private Institutions.(8)

2. Explain the ethical dilemmas faced by the public servants. Will conscience be helpful in their solution ? Discuss. (12)

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.1. What is the philosophical basis of probity in governance ? Discuss critically.(8)
Miscellaneous1. Evaluate the relevance of the following in the context of civil service :
(a) Conscience
(b) Spirit of service
(c) Discipline. (8)
Case study
Recently you have taken charge as the head of a government organisation. On the very first day in your office, you observe that the organisation is crippled with many irregularities such as :
(i) The staff is not punctual.
(ii) The staff waste their time in unnecessary talks.
(iii) Speedy action is not taken on public grievances.
(iv) There is rampant corruption at every level in the organisation.(v) The quality of the services provided by the organisation is very poor.How would you inspire your staff so that the above deficiencies of the organisation get removed ? Discuss. (8)
Nishant is a socially sensitive, socialist, intellectual and professor. Through his articles, speeches and media, he raises the voices of labourers, minorities’ downtroddens, women and tribals. ‘A party keeps him in its think tank. In this sequence once he calls the members of civil society, intellectuals, politicians and officers to get their children admitted in the government schools. In the season of admissions, the elite schools are highly criticised for their criteria and its impact on education and Nishant also joins in these criticism; meanwhile it comes out that Nishant himself is trying to get his child admitted in an elite school. People condemn this attitude of Nishant and say that his ‘action and words are mismatched’. Question therefore is :
1) Should Nishant get his child admitted to the government school?
2) Should Nishant leave his intellectual discourses?
3) Should he call his party followers in his favour ?
4) or should he try to get the admission of his child in the elite school ? Discuss. (12)
A Public Information Officer has received an application under ‘Right To Information (RTI) Act’. After gathering the required information, he finds that the information pertains to some of the decisions taken by him, which were not totally correct. Some other employees were also a party to these decisions. Disclosure of the information may lead towards disciplinary action against him and his other colleagues including probable punishment. Non-disclosure of information or partial disclosure of information may result in less or no punishment.

The Public Information Officer is an honest and conscientious person but the particular decision regarding which an application under the RTI Act was lodged was a wrong decision.

The officer comes to you for your advice under the above conditions what will be your advice to the officer ? Explain logically. (12)

Third, take away points from our analysis:

  • The questions were straight forward.
  • Weightage of case studies was relatively less -32/200 marks only. (when compared to UPSC mains paper).
  • Paper is lengthy and requires practice.

We hope this post is helpful for you in your UPPCS mains preparation.

With Love,

ForumIAS.

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