UPSC Main Anthropology Paper I- 2011

Section A
Q.1 Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: 10 x 5 =50

a) How do you situate Anthropology in Social Sciences?

b) Various types of descent

c) Totemism

d) Linguistic Anthropology

e) Carbon-14 method of dating

Q.2: 20-15-15 (250 words each)

a) Why has the concept of Culture Relativism been so dear to Anthropologies?

b) Bring out the distinguishing features of culture and civilization.

c) Where do you situate ‘live-in relationship’ within the institution of marriage?

Q.3: a) Discuss the impact of globalization on tribal economy. 20m|350 words

b) In what ways is Functionalism different from Structural Functionalism? 20m|350 words

c) Differentiate between Economics and Economic Anthropology.10m|150 words

Q.4: 20-15-15 (250 words each)

a) Discuss the impact of urbanization and feminist movement on family.

b) Bring out the contribution of Turner and Geertz in symbolic and interpretive theories in Anthropology.

c) How does taboo serve as a means of social control?

Section-B

Q.5: 150 words each 10 x 5 =50

a) Role of primatology in Anthropological studies.

b) Differentiation between Child Growth and Development.

c) Ageing and Senescene

d) Twin method in human genetics

e) Demographic transition

Q.6: 20-15-15 marks (250 words each)

a) Give a broad outline of Patheolithic culture emphasizing upon its tool technology.

b) What do you understand by ‘Genetic Load’ in a population? How is it measured and what are the important factors that can influence it?

c) Justify “Though human growth is under tight genetic control but it is influenced by various environmental factors.”

Q.7: 20-15-15 marks (250 words each)

a) Discuss the relevance of Case Study method of data collection.

b) Elaborate upon major human adaptations to heat and cold.

c) What are genetic markers and what is their usefulness?Why are blood groups considered as good genetic markers?Illustrate with examples.

Q.8: 20-15-15 marks (250 words each)

a) Discuss how Neo-Darwinism integrated the fields of Genetics and Evolution.

b) What is meant by epidemiological transition?Elaborate upon its causes and consequences highlighting major health problems of our adult population today.

c) Differentiate between Race and Racism.What are three major races of the world ?Give important biological criteria used frequently for such a classification.

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