UPSC Main Philosophy Paper 2- 2014


Q1. Answer all of the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) If caste discrimination has continuity and hierarchy, which principle of justice can dissolve this problem? 10

(b) How does multiculturalism redefine liberal notions like identity, freedom and equality and reformulate its assumptions? 10

(c) How do we distinguish Liberal humanism and Marxist humanism? 10

(d) Explain the significance of John Austin’s theory of sovereignty. How does it differ from that of Hobbes? 10

(e) Can we say that racial supremacy is the main reason for genocide? Give reasons for your answer. 10

2. (a) Which theory of punishment, retributive or restorative, do you recommend and why? 20

(b) “One is not born a woman, but she becomes a woman.” Critically comment on it. 15

(c) By eliminating alienation can we bring social progress? Critically analyse. 15

3. (a) Analyse the statement with reasons that “Power corrupts, absolute power corrupts absolutely”.  20

(b) What are the basic differences between Gandhi and Ambedkar regarding caste system in India? 15

(c) Discuss Amartya Sen’s principle of Niti as a critique of Nyaya.  15

Q4. (a) “All human rights are centred on individual rights.” Discuss. 20

(b) Explain descriptive and normative perspectives on multiculturalism. 15

(c) In what sense is democracy a better form of Government than theocracy? 15


Q5. Discuss the following critically in about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) If God is regarded as ‘One’, will it give rise to religious conflicts? 10

(b) On what grounds, the dichotomy between ‘is’ and ‘ought’ can either be justified or rejected? 10

(c) What are the arguments given in favour of the immortality of the Soul? 10

(d) Can pluralist perspective vindicate Absolute Truth? 10

(e) How do you justify ‘rebirth’ with or without the Soul?  10

Q6. (a) How far can religious morality incorporate individual freedom? 20

(b) How do you formulate religious language as non-cognitive? 15

(c) Can it be self-contradictory to accept the ‘idea’ of God but deny the ‘existence’ of God? 15

Q7. (a) Is evil reconcilable with the benevolent God? 20

(b) Discuss cosmological argument for the existence of God, and show its merits and demerits.  15

(c) Compare and contrast the concept of liberation according to Advaita’ and `Viistadvaita’.  15

Q8. (a) Elucidate the status of man in the realm between ‘immanence’ and `transcendence’. 20

(b) Can reason be used to justify faith? 15

(c) Discuss the conflicting nature of religious experiences with special reference to Buddhism and Jainism. 15

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