UPSC Main Sociology Paper I- 2013

Section A

1. Write short notes on the following: (Each note should not exceed 150 words10×5=50

(a)”Sociology emerged in Europe and flourished to begin with on social reformist orientation in the U.S.A.” – Comment. 10

(b) Compare and contrast Sociology with Anthropology.                10

(c) Critically examine positivistic approach in sociological studies.  10

(d) Examine science and technology as agents of social change. 10

(e) Analyse the contemporary trends in family with examples. 10

2. (a) Analyse the limitations of quantitative methods in social research. 20

(b)Critically examine the functionalist tradition in Sociology. 20

(c)Analyse the salient features of historical materialism. 10

3. (a)Compare Karl Marx with Emile Durkheim with reference to the framework of ‘division of labour’. 20

(b)Critically analyse the contributions of G.H. Mead to ‘symbolic interactionism’. 20

(c) Examine the salient features of Weberian bureaucracy. 10

4. (a) How are open and closed systems of stratification undergoing transformation in the emergence of new hierarchical social order in societies?  20

(b) Is patriarchy a universal phenomenon? Critically examine how does patriarchy affect sexual    division of labour in societies. 20

(c) Examine the role of pressure groups in parliamentary democracy. 10

Section B

5. Write short notes on the following: (Each note should not exceed 150 words10×5=50

(a) Distinguish between people being socially excluded and people excluding themselves socially in societies. 10

(b) Define social movement. Elucidate the role of reformist movements in social change.             10

(c) “Science has empirical means to logical ends and religion has non-empirical means to logical ends.” – Comment. 10

(d) Examine the social dimensions of displacement induced by development. 10

(e) Analyse the gender bias in the present society with examples.10

6. (a) How do Karl Marx and Max Weber differ in terms of their analysis of social stratification? 20

(b)Examine the social impact of globalization on labour and society. 20

(c)Examine the relevance of Parsonian Social System in the present society. 10

7. (a) Evaluate how  do civil society and democracy mutually reinforce each other. 20

(b)Examine the emerging trends in marriage and family as a response to the changes in economic and social order. 20

(c) Critically examine the role of civil society in democracy. 10

8. (a) Illustrate the conflicts and tensions experienced by societies undergoing social change.20

(b) Critically examine the cultural theories of social change with suitable examples. 20

(c) Is religion antithetical to science? Comment. 10

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