UPSC Mains 2017 Sociology Optional Test 3 : Mains Marathon


Here is the 3rd Mains Marathon Sociology Optional Test.

Sociology Optional Study Plan Mains Marathon


  1. Stratification and Mobility
  2. Caste system
  3. Perspectives on the study of Indian Society

Time: 1.5 hours

  • 10 questions
  • Questions include both 20 and 10 markers
  • Questions have been jumbled up to facilitate smart time management
  • 1 question from Thinkers
  • 1 application-based question
  • 1 question from current affairs (Sociological analysis)


1. Class is both a subset and superset of caste. Elucidate sociologically. 10 Marks

2. Critically examine the position of G S Ghurye on the relationship between race and caste in India. 20 Marks

3. N Srinivas initiated the tradition of macro-sociological generalizations on micro-anthropological insights. Explain with examples. 20 Marks

4. What is a welfare state? Why is A.R. Desai critical of the claims made on behalf of welfare state? 20 Marks

5. Write a short note on continuity and change in Indian caste system. 10 Marks

6. Can caste exist in the India of tomorrow? Explain sociologically. 20 Marks

7. Taking caste system as an example, explain the followings- 20 Marks

  • Open and closed systems
  • Types of mobility
  • Sources and causes of mobility

8. Write a short note on the two-way relationship between ‘Elite self-recruitment’ and ‘Social mobility’. 10 Marks

9. Define social stratification. What have you observed about the stratification system existing in your society? 20 Marks

10. Sociologists are not neutral, dispassionate observers of society; they see the world in terms of their values and ideologies. Explain with reference to Functionalist and Marxist view on social stratification. 20 Marks

11. Outline the salient features of Parsons’ theory of social stratification. To what extent are they relevant in contemporary Indian society? 20 Marks

12. Davis and Moore have been supportive of the unequal rewards prevalent in society. Explain. What are the latent functions and dysfunctions of such unequal distribution of rewards? 20 Marks

13. Assess the effects of social mobility on social order. 10 Marks

14. Examine the advantages and disadvantages of leveraging Indological sources to understand Indian society. 20 Marks

15. Tradition and modernity co-exist in contemporary Indian society. Explain only with reference to your observations. 10 Marks

All Mains Marathon Optional Questions are updated in this page.


Print Friendly and PDF