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[Prelims 2020] List of National Park, Tiger Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries in News

Hello students,

In the previous article, we had posted a comprehensive list of National Parks in India. Now let us have a look at all the national parks, tiger reserves and wildlife sanctuaries that have featured in News since 2019.

List of National Parks, Tiger Reserves and Wildlife Sanctuaries in News
 National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary/Tiger reserveLocationImportant DetailWhy in news?
1Mukurthi National Park

 

Tamil NaduPart of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

 

Nilgiri Tahr is a Keystone species of the park

 

Tamil Nadu government is constructing fire lines’ or ‘fire breaks’ ahead of summer and peak fire season.
2Madhav National Park

 

Madhya PradeshHome to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)s like SahariaEncroachment issues
3National Chambal Sanctuary

 

Madhya PradeshHome to Gharial (critically endangered), Gangetic river dolphin (Endangered) and red-crowned roofed turtle (critically endangered)Recently declared as an eco-sensitive zone (ESZ)
4Kanha National parkMadhya PradeshAlso, a Tiger Reserve

 

 

Increase in population of Hard ground swamp deer (Barasingha)
5 Manas National ParkAssamAlso, a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, Project tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve.India, Nepal and Bhutan drafted a memorandum of understanding to create a trans-boundary wildlife conservation ‘peace park’ which will an extension of the Manas National Park
6Bandipur National Park/Tiger Reserve

 

KarnatakaPart of the Nilgiri Biosphere ReserveBan on vehicular movement on the forest stretch of NH 766

Forest fires in 2019

7Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharashtraOne of the major national parks existing within a metropolis limitDeath of last captive white tiger Bajirao
8Thane Creek flamingo sanctuaryMaharashtraSupports a large congregation of flamingosConcerns over ambitious bullet train project between Ahmedabad-Mumbai
9Ranthambhore National ParkRajasthanAlso, a Tiger ReserveRisk of transfer of canine distemper from the dogs to tigers and leopards
10Bannerghatta National ParkKarnatakapart of the national park was designated as Bannerghatta Biological Park- also has a butterfly park, first in IndiaArea of Eco-sensitive zone curtailed
11Rajaji National Park/ Tiger reserveUttarakhandGanga and Song rivers flow through the ParkSupreme Court halted further construction of the Kandi road project which passes through the park
12Jim Corbett National Park/Tiger ReserveUttarakhandEstablished in 1936 as Hailey National Park- the first national park in India.

 

First to be declared as Tiger reserve in 1973

Supreme Court halted further construction of the Kandi road project which passes through the park
13Kaziranga National ParkAssamUNESCO world heritage site

Home to greater one-horned rhinoceros

Recognized as an ‘Important Bird Area’ by Birdlife International.

split into two divisions — the existing Eastern Assam Wildlife and the new Biswanath Wildlife park with Brahmputra flowing in between
14Nauradehi wildlife sanctuaryMadhya PradeshThe NTCA informed the Supreme court that the cheetahs, to be translocated in India from Namibia, will be kept at the sanctuary
  
15Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary NagalandDeclared as an Elephant Reserve
16Dampa Tiger ReserveMizoram Emerged as a worst managed tiger reserve in India (4th National Tiger Estimation)
17Pench National Park/Tiger ReserveMadhya PradeshPench River flows through the parkEmerged as best managed Tiger Reserves in India ((4th National Tiger Estimation))
18Periyar National Park/Tiger ReserveKeralaAlso, an Elephant Reserve

 

Periyar and Pamba Rivers originate in the forests of the reserve

Emerged as best managed Tiger Reserves in India ((4th National Tiger Estimation))
19Gir National Park/Wildlife SanctuaryGujaratOnly surviving free-ranging population of the Asiatic lion exists in the Gir forest regionAsiatic Lion Conservation Project launched in 2019
20Kuno National ParkMadhya PradeshPreviously a wildlife sanctuary, it was designated as National Park in 2018Possible site for Cheetah reintroduction project
21 Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary BiharOnly dolphin sanctuaryGangetic River Dolphin census conducted
22Bhitarkanika National ParkOdishaInundated by the rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra, Pathsala.

 

Second-largest mangrove ecosystem in India, the first being Sundarbans (West Bengal)

 

Ramsar site.

Increase saltwater or estuarine crocodile population
23Gahiramatha Marine SanctuaryOdishaKnown as the world’s largest Olive Ridley rookeryOdisha forest department put a ban on fishing in Gahiramatha Marine Sanctuary
24Desert National ParkRajasthanHome to Great Indian Bustard (Critically Endangered)NGT asked the Centre to prepare a time-bound action plan within two months for protection of the Great Indian Bustards.
25Phansad Wildlife Sanctuary MaharashtraIndian gaur (Vulnerable) spotted in the sanctuary for the first time in recorded history

 

26Valmiki National Park/Tiger ReserveBiharLocated on the banks of River Gandak

 

Only National park in Bihar

Drone camera surveillance to start soon
27Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary

 

KarnatakaPart of a contiguous tiger habitat located very close to the tri-junction of the states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil NaduTo be declared as Tiger Reserve. NTCA approval awaited
28
  1. Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary
  2. Mollem National Park
  3. Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary
  5. Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary
GoaGoa is the only state in India which has protected the complete Western Ghats’ section within a state. Wildlife activists have demanded that certain areas in wildlife sanctuaries of the state be notified as ‘tiger reserve’.
29Pakke Tiger ReserveArunachal PradeshBounded by Kameng River in the west and north, and by Pakke River in the east.

 

Famous for Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme

Arunachal Pradesh Government cleared 692.7 km highway through the reserve to build the East-West Industrial Corridor.
30Ratapani sanctuary

 

Madhya PradeshBhimbetka rock shelters, are located withinMadhya Pradesh government decided to declare the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary a tiger reserve. An approval for the same was received by NTCA back in 2013.

 

This article is a part of the Series of Articles Important for Prelims 2020. To see the full list of articles, visit this page.
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