List of Contents
- UPSC civil services exam 2021 syllabus
- Stage 1: UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam
- Stage 2: UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Exam
- UPSC Mains Syllabus :
- UPSC Syllabus for Genral Studies Paper – I (To download Pdf: Click here)
- UPSC Syllabus for General Studies Paper II (To download: Click here)
- (For topic-wise segregation of GS III- Click Here)
- Stage 3: UPSC IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test
On this page, you can read about the Civil Service exam pattern and UPSC syllabus.
UPSC civil services exam 2021 syllabus
Abraham Lincoln wrote,
“Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe”.
So, as per the above saying by Lincoln, an aspirant needs to know the complete UPSC Syllabus inside out i.e. sharpening their tools, to start the preparation. IAS Syllabus should be in the aspirant’s head like a mind map. It will help the aspirant in several ways;
- It helps an aspirant in keeping preparation on the right track. Sometimes, beginners start to over-read the subjects i.e. reading the topics beyond the scope of the UPSC exam.
- Current Affairs is an important part of UPSC preparation. However, sources are plenty for it. Even in newspapers, all articles are not relevant for the Civil services exam. Thus, the UPSC civil services exam syllabus sets the boundaries within which, an aspirant has to prepare.
- It helps in organizing the notes for revision. Due to the vast scope of the UPSC Syllabus, an aspirant can end up with a pile of notes, if the reading material is not divided into topics and sub-topics. Thus, dividing every reading material into topics and sub-topics help in organizing the revision material.
- UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam – Objective pattern
- UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Exam – Descriptive pattern
- Personal Interview
Stage 1: UPSC Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam
MARKS PER QUESTION
PAPER – I GENERAL STUDIES
2 MARKS (100 QUESTIONS)
PAPER – II CIVIL SERVICE APTITUDE TEST (CSAT)
2.5 MARKS (80 QUESTIONS)
There are two papers at the preliminary stage of the UPSC IAS exam.
- One conducted in the morning (General studies (GS) paper-I)
- The other in the afternoon (Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)).
- Both the exams have 1/3rd deduction for marking wrong answers (0.666 in GS and 0.83 in CSAT) and there is no deduction if the question is not answered (i.e. left out)
- Both the exam marks are only for qualifying for Mains Stage and marks are not included in the final mark list.
The General studies part of the exam will test the General Awareness of a candidate in a various domain such as History, Polity, Economy, Geography, Environment, Science and Technology, International Relations, and Current events.
- Current events of national and international importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- Indian Polity and Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
- General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
- General Science.
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
- Decision making and problem-solving;
- General mental ability;
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level),
- Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. — Class X level);
Stage 2: UPSC Civil Services (Mains) Exam
The successful candidates from the Preliminary exam are allowed to write the Mains exam. The Mains exam of the UPSC tests the student’s in-depth knowledge and ability to present instantly. The paper duration is just 3 hours. Other than writing speed, the ability to perform under pressure is analysed in this exam.
There are 9 papers in the UPSC Mains Exam:
Paper – A
Indian Language (Any of the language mentioned in 8th schedule)
Paper – B
Paper – I
Paper – II
|General Studies – I (Indian Heritage & Culture, History & Geography of the World & Society)|
Paper – III
General Studies – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice & International Relations)
Paper – IV
General Studies – III (Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Security & Disaster Management)
Paper – V
General Studies – IV (Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude)
Paper – VI
Optional Subject – Paper I
Paper – VII
Optional Subject – Paper II
Few important points to consider
- Candidates can write Paper I to Paper VII in English or any of the languages mentioned in the 8th schedule of the Indian Constitution.
- Paper I to Paper VII will be taken for evaluation only if the candidate obtained 25% of the marks in Paper A and Paper B.
- There are 48 Optional Subjects in the UPSC exam. The candidate has to select any one subject among them. Two papers (Paper VI and Paper VII) will be conducted from that for 250 marks each.
Languages mentioned in 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution:
(1) Assamese, (2) Bengali, (3) Gujarati, (4) Hindi, (5) Kannada, (6) Kashmiri, (7) Konkani, (8) Malayalam, (9) Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) Nepali, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi, (14) Sanskrit, (15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) Urdu (19) Bodo, (20) Santhali, (21) Maithili and (22) Dogri.
UPSC IAS Syllabus for Optional Subjects:
The UPSC Exam syllabus includes 48 optional subjects covering a wide horizon of subjects including Literature, Arts, Science, Agriculture, Etc. Candidates have to select one optional subject from the IAS syllabus and there will be two papers for 500 marks (250 marks each).
Candidates need to choose any one of the below-mentioned subjects as their optional.
List of optional subjects
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
Commerce & Accountancy
Political Science & International Relations
List of Literature optional subjects
Stage 3: UPSC IAS Interview/ UPSC Personality Test
Candidates who cleared the UPSC Mains Exams will be notified and called for the UPSC Personality test.
The personality test for UPSC Exam will have 275 marks interviewed by a board appointed by UPSC. The mental qualities, analytical abilities and personal suitability of candidates will be assessed at this stage.
Final merit list:
The Final merit list will be prepared based on the UPSC Mains Exam (1750 Marks) and Personality test (275 Marks) for the total of 2025 marks. Based on the marks obtained by the candidates their cadres will be allotted