What is the News?
The United States has announced that it will be joining “Christchurch Call to Action” against online extremism.
About Christchurch Call to Action:
- Christchurch Call to Action was launched during the Online Extremism Summit in Paris, France in 2019. The summit was co-chaired by New Zealand and France.
- Objective: The Christchurch Call is a global pledge by member governments and technology partners. Under this, they work together to address terrorist and violent extremist contents online.
- Named after: The call is named after the New Zealand city. In Christchurch, 51 members of the Muslim community were murdered in a live-streamed terrorist attack in 2019.
- Member Countries: Seventeen countries originally signed the agreement. Another 31 countries signed the agreement later.
- India: India is one of the member countries.
- Sections: The pledge is non-binding. It consists of three sections or commitments.
- The governments,
- Online service providers and
- Ways in which the earlier two can work together.
- Measures: The plan commits Governments, international organizations and Internet companies to perform a range of measures. This includes,
- Developing tools to prevent the upload of terrorist and violent extremist content;
- Countering the roots of violent extremism;
- Increasing transparency around the detection and removal of content;
- Ensuring that algorithms designed and used by companies do not direct users towards violent and extremist content.