What is the News?
The UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS) has endorsed the first-ever Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition(VGFSyN).
About the guidelines:
- These guidelines will support countries in their efforts to eradicate all forms of hunger and malnutrition.
- It will utilize a comprehensive food systems approach for this aim. It will be built upon the existing work and mandate of other international bodies. For example, the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition(2016-2025) and Sustainable Development Goal (2) of ‘Zero Hunger’.
These guidelines are framed around 7 Focus areas:
- Governance, which is Transparent, democratic, and accountable.
- Sustainable food supply chains to achieve healthy diets.
- Equal and equitable access to healthy diets.
- Food safety.
- People-centred nutrition knowledge, education, and information.
- Gender equality and women’s empowerment across food systems.
- Resilient food systems in humanitarian contexts.
Significance of the guidelines:
- Guidelines call for the realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security for all. Its particular focus is on the most vulnerable and affected groups.
- They focus on policy planning and governance so that food systems can be made more resilient and responsive. The food system will be mould in accordance with the needs of consumers and producers too, especially small and marginal farmers.
Committee on World Food Security(CFS):
- It was established in 1974 as an intergovernmental body. It serves as a forum in the United Nations System for review and follow-up of policies concerning world food security including production and physical and economic access to food.
- Secretariat: It has a permanent Secretariat. It is located in the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) headquarters in Rome, Italy,
- Reports to: The Committee reports to the UN General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and to FAO Conference.
- Funding: It receives its core funding equally from The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and The World Food Programme (WFP).
Source: Down To Earth