West Africa records 1st death from ‘highly infectious’ Marburg virus

Source: Down To Earth

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West Africa’s first case of the extremely contagious and deadly Marburg virus was confirmed in Guinea.

About Marburg Virus:

  • Marburg virus disease(MVD) was formerly known as Marburg hemorrhagic fever.
  • The virus causes hemorrhagic fever and belongs to the same family (Filoviridae family) as the Ebola virus.
  • First Case: The virus was initially detected in 1967 after simultaneous outbreaks in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany; and in Belgrade, Serbia.
  • Symptoms: The common symptoms of a virus are fever, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain and gingival haemorrhage.
  • Transmission: Marburg is transmitted to people from fruit bats. The virus spreads among humans through direct contact with the bodily fluids of the patient, surfaces and materials
  • Fatality Rate: The case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 24% to 88% in past outbreaks, depending on virus strain and case management.
  • Treatment: There are no approved vaccines or antiviral treatments for the virus yet. Early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival.
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