Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

  • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act passed by the Parliament of India which came into force on 9th September 1972.
  • It was enacted for the protection of plants, birds and animal species. It has six schedules that extend to the whole of India.
  • Schedule I to V deals with animals, whereas Schedule VI regulates and restricts cultivation, possession and sale of a rare plant species.
  • Placement in Schedule VI provides for regulation in the cultivation of a specified plant and restricts its possession, sale and transportation.
  • Both cultivation and trade of specified plants can only be carried out with prior permission of the competent authority.
  • For cultivation of Schedule VI species, a license would be required.
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