What is the News?
World Environment Day was observed on the 5th, June 2021.
About World Environment Day:
- World Environment Day (WED) was established by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 1972 on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.
- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was created as a result of this conference.
- In 1974, the first WED was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.
- Aim: To spread awareness and to encourage people to take steps to protect the environment.
- Host Country: It is being hosted by Pakistan
- The idea for rotating the center of these activities through selecting different host countries began in 1987.
- The theme for 2021: The theme is “Ecosystem Restoration” and will focus on resetting our relation with nature.
- This WED will also mark the formal launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021 – 2030.
- Ecosystem restoration is the act of helping degraded and destroyed ecosystems to recover and also protecting and conserving the ecosystems that are still intact.
- Examples of degraded ecosystems are polluted rivers, deforested landscape, overexploited forests and non-fertile agricultural land.
- 2011 – 2020 was the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity
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Initiatives by India on World Environment Day:
- Indian Government has declared the theme for World Environment Day, 2021 as “Promotion of biofuels for a better environment”.
- ‘Report of the expert committee on the road map for ethanol blending in India 2020-2025’ was released
- An E-100 pilot project has been launched in Pune for the production and distribution of ethanol across the country.
- Stats: In 2020, the Government of India had set a target of reaching 10% ethanol blending in petrol (10% of ethanol mixed with 90% of diesel) by 2022 & 20% ethanol blending by 2030.
- However, the target date for achieving 20% ethanol-blending with petrol has been brought forward by five years to 2025 from the earlier target of 2030. This is to cut pollution and reduce import dependence.
Source: World Environment Day