Year-End Review -2022: Ministry of Rural Development

Source: The post is based on the articleYear-End Review -2022: Ministry of Rural Developmentpublished in PIB on 3rd January 2023

What is the News?

The Ministry of Rural Development has launched several initiatives and schemes in 2022.

What are the schemes and initiatives launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in 2022?

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (Mahatma Gandhi NREGA) 

Achievements of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA:

GIS-based Planning of Gram Panchayats (GPs): The Ministry has initiated integrated holistic planning of the Gram Panchayats based on watershed development principles (ridge to valley approach) using the Geographical information system (GIS).

Yuktdhara Portal

National Electronic Fund Management System (NeFMS)/ DBT: Under the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA, 99% of wage seekers are receiving their wages directly into their Bank/Post Office accounts. It is a big step towards transparency and the timely release of wages.

SECURE: It is an online application designed and developed, especially for the estimate preparation and approval for Mahatma Gandhi NREGA works. The estimates are based on the standard rates of items and specifications of works, entered for State/ District/ Block for Mahatma Gandhi NREGA-related works.

Emphasis on Social Audit: The system of Social Audit is being strengthened. In association with the office of CAG, the auditing standards have been finalized and the implementation of the same has started. Social Audit Units have been established in 27 States and 1 UT. 

Amrit Sarovar

Jaldoot App

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G): In order to ensure the empowerment of women, all the houses under PMAY-G include names of women members of the household in sanction details/ownership details (either solely or in joint ownership).

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission -(DAY-NRLM)

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY): It is a demand-driven placement-linked skill training initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD).

– The scheme is uniquely aimed at rural poor youth between 15 and 35 years of age with the purpose to create income diversity in poor families and help rural youth realize their career aspirations.      

– The program occupies a unique position amongst other skill training programs due to its focus on the rural poor youth and its emphasis on sustainable employment through the prominence and incentives given to post-placement tracking, retention and career progression.

– Under DDU-GKY two special programs are being implemented. i.e; ROSHNI program is being implemented for 27 left-wing extremist affected areas of 9 States with mandatory residential courses with 40% coverage to women candidates and Himayat- All youth of the UT of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh are covered under this scheme with 100% central funding.    

Rural Self-Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs)   

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission (SPMRM)

District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committees(DISHA): They have been formed to ensure better coordination among all the elected representatives in Parliament, State Legislatures and Local Governments (Panchayati Raj Institutions/Municipal Bodies) for efficient and time-bound development. 

– It is a government-wide initiative that seeks to promote participative governance and deliberative democracy.DISHA seeks to achieve this by facilitating a quarterly review of all development activity at the district level. 

– The Chairperson of a DISHA committee is the senior most Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) elected from the district and nominated by the Ministry of Rural Development. 

– DISHA committee meetings will be held on a quarterly basis, under the chairmanship of the MP, and will be attended by all elected representatives and officials from the district.

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